In our quest to find the best equipment for shooting video we take a look at the cream of the crop of current DSLRs. In this post, Steve Fairclough explores the best DSLRs for video and why the single lens reflex isn’t dead yet…
What you’ll learn
- Why to consider using a DSLR for video
- The importance of versatile lens ranges
- Why ease-of-use is vital
- The creative options of a camera
- Why to consider your camera as the ‘hub’ of a system
- Our ‘top five’ best DSLRs for video shooting
In the autumn of 2008 Canon took the wraps off its EOS 5D Mark II DSLR, which heralded a new era of filmmaking thanks to its Full HD 1080p video shooting. Even some of those within Canon have freely admitted they had no idea how this feature would ‘fly’, as they simply saw it as another spec option within an already highly sophisticated DSLR.
The 5D Mark II was to prove a groundbreaking model as it quickly blurred the lines between using DSLRs to shoot stills or to shoot video. TV and film directors were quick to latch on to the possibilities of the system as it brought in new options such as shooting hand-held in tight spaces, fitting seamlessly into an existing lens range, offering shallow focus options and delivering broadcast quality Full HD video recording. For example, film director Richard Jobson was an early adopter and a whole episode of the US medical TV series House was shot on a 5D Mark II.
Nearly 11 years later the choice of cameras that now offer the much higher resolution 4K UHD shooting (at 3840×2160 pixels) – and even Cinema 4K (at 4096×2160 pixels) – is remarkable. To give you a good steer on choosing the best DSLR camera for you this blog examines what DSLRs offer and chooses five of the best cameras that are currently available for shooting video…
Why choose a DSLR for video?
Most current DSLR cameras shoot video and many can capture 4K UHD. If you’re looking for a single camera solution that shoots both high quality stills and video, DSLRs tend to be a good choice. DSLRs are designed for optical viewing of the image through your lens, and thus incorporate a mirror that must be locked up out of the way to shoot video. This requires a Live View feature and an LCD screen to see what you are shooting.
Interchangeable lens DSLRs like the Nikon D7500 and the Canon EOS 250D are mainly designed for serious still photography, but they are one of the most affordable ways to get into creative 4K filmmaking.
They have relatively big APS-C sensors and lenses, which make it easy to shoot ‘cinematic’ shallow focus shots. The downsides are you may need accessories to get the best out of them, they’re slower to use than dedicated video cameras and audio recording can be tricky.
Long-term DSLR system devotees, such as Canon and Nikon users, will probably have a variety of lenses in their kitbags so will already have a choice of creative focal lengths to shoot video with. The ‘lens factor’ has always been a strong argument for shooting video with DSLRs as it offered filmmakers instant access to an existing wide range of compatible and creative lens options.
When shooting video it’s best to have wide-angle, medium and close-up lens options, either via prime or zoom lenses. These will give you the three main, standard ‘shots’ in filmmaking – wide-angle for an establishing shot/scene, medium for a character within a scene and close-up for details of places, objects or faces.
DSLRs often offer flexible rear LCD screens, which can be great for filmmakers when shooting in tight areas or at odd angles. A screen that flips and twists will allow you to view and shoot in a wider range of situations – hence you’ll get more visually creative footage. In terms of creativity DSLRs also often offer a choice of video resolutions – for example, 4K DCI, 4K UHD, Full HD 1080p and 720p – and the frame rates within those.
It’s important to think of your camera for video shoots as being the ‘hub’ of a system, so you need to consider the options a camera offers you for adding lenses, lighting, microphones, and outputs to monitors and recorders. The combination of ease-of-use, easy access to wide lens ranges and creative options mean DSLRs are serious cameras to consider.
Important considerations when buying a DSLR for video
As with buying any camera for video crucial considerations to remember include ease-of-use, what frame rates it offers, what video resolutions it has, video output options, the focusing system, what memory card options it has, what degree of manual control you have over its video settings etc.
- For a more in-depth look at the key factors to consider when buying a camera for video just check out my previous article on The best cameras for shooting video.
In this blog the emphasis is simply on the ‘best’ DSLR cameras that are currently available in terms of video spec, handling and the strength of the system. But don’t be afraid to try out other cameras if you don’t see what you’ve already been considering mentioned here. So, without further ado, here’s our ‘top five’ picks of the best DSLRs for video shooting.
The best DSLRs for video you can buy today
This 45.7-megapixel model is a full-frame DSLR that can shoot 4K UHD video at 30p, 25p and 24p frame rates and Full HD 1080p at 60p. It captures 4K video with no crop factor (that’s a big bonus), so any Nikon F-mount/compatible lenses used with it will have the same angle of view for video as they do for stills. A notable video plus point is the D850’s ability to output clean, 4:2:2 8-bit 4K video to external recorders.
However, it has no log modes so that cuts down the dynamic range, and subsequent editing flexibility, that the D850 is capable of. With a contrast-detect AF system the camera may be a tad slow to focus for video but it does offer good quality video.
It scores big on 4K output options, the lack of a crop factor and a high-res tilting touchscreen, but is slightly let down by the lack of log.
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
With a lineage that goes back to the aforementioned groundbreaking EOS 5D Mark II the 5D Mark IV remains an excellent DSLR option for shooting video. The camera can capture 4K footage at 30p, 25p and 24p, BUT there is a significant crop factor of 1.74x because the whole width of the full-frame sensor is not used for video.
The Mark IV supports Canon’s Log Gamma mode to give an extended dynamic range, but this has to be upgraded at a Canon service centre. Whilst the camera can record 4K to internal memory cards it can only output Full HD to an external HDMI recorder. The quality of the video is very good and it’s fair to say that the camera remains the best current 4K DSLR from the Canon stable.
The most recent addition to our list of the best DSLRs for video, the Nikon D780 is just days old at the time of writing. But it’s already making a case for its video bona fides.
The D780 can shoot 4K/UHD video at 30p/25p/24p with no cropping. Footage can also be recorded in N-Log for greater scope for post-capture grading.
What’s more, you can also use an external movie recorder to capture HLG HDR footage, which you can view on a compatible TV or monitor.
There’s also in-camera time-lapse capability and provided you’re happy with 8Mp images, you can shoot at up to 30fps. Drop to 2Mp and you can record at 120fps.
Enticingly, the D780’s sensor and processing engine combination also enables a wider sensitivity range than the popular D850. The native range is ISO 100–51200, but this can be extended to ISO 50-204800. The D850’s maximum range is ISO 64-102,400, but it also has a resolution of 45.7million pixels.
With a 24.2 megapixel APS-C CMOS sensor the D5600 offers a 3.2-inch vari-angle touchscreen display that flips out to let you shoot video at different angles. It has a built-in timelapse movie mode and offers
Full HD 1080p video shooting, which is more than enough if you are using it to shoot non-broadcast video. Full HD 1080p shooting operates at up to 60 frames per second, so you can capture moving subjects quite easily.
With a deep handgrip it is very comfortable to handle and keep steady for shooting movies when moving the camera. It’s arguably more of a stills-oriented camera but if you plan to combine both stills and video for personal projects, or even some commercial video projects, it is quite capable.
Canon EOS 80D
Much like the Nikon’s D5600 the EOS 80D offers a 24.2 megapixel sensor and an APS-C format sensor. It incorporates Canon’s Dual Pixel CMOS AF system that has 45 phase detection points, which is a great help for detecting and autofocusing on subjects in videos.
To put it another way, you get smooth AF tracking of subjects in Live View. The movie resolution is Full HD 1080p (1920×1080) at up to 60p. It includes an external mic port, an HDMI mini port and AV digital out terminals.
Amongst the video armoury is what’s known as the ‘Video Snapshot’ feature – it allows you to ‘grab’ short videos with minimal set-up. Probably the only downside is you can’t customise the menu, but it is an excellent choice for video shooting at an affordable price.
This lightweight model includes a 20.9 megapixel sensor and can record video footage in 4K UHD as well as 1080p. The 3.2-inch 922,000-dot rear LCD screen has a tilting design that enables video shooting at many angles. The screen also has a Touch AF system that can be used for either still images or video recording.
The 4K resolution that the D7500 can record is of high quality. The camera also has built-in WiFi and Bluetooth options for transfer of videos and photos to mobile devices.
On the downside is the fact that the 4K video available is cropped but the camera does have strong AF options and high quality video playback. It’s affordable and is arguably the best 4K ‘entry DSLR’ currently on the market.
Other DSLRs to consider for video
It doesn’t take a genius to work out that Canon and Nikon dominate the video options in the current DSLR market. That’s down to two key factors – the longevity of their systems and video innovations coupled with a movement in the video camera market towards other options, such as mirrorless models and action cameras. Both of those camera sectors will be examined in future ‘best buys for video’ blogs…
The five DSLRs suggested here are simply guides to some of the best models that are out there. If your budget doesn’t match these take time to shop around and find a camera that best suits your video needs and is the most comfortable for you to handle.
For example, you may decide to look at cameras such as Canon’s EOS 250D, which offers 4K shooting at under £600. In any case, remember to take your time to choose what suits you best in terms of spec and your video skill set before you part with your hard-earned cash.