Adobe has announced
not just one new version of Lightroom, but two. Lightroom Classic CC is essentially an updated version of the Lightroom we know, but the new Lightroom CC is an entirely redesigned app designed to work alongside Adobe’s equally new cloud-based storage system. So how do these two different Lightrooms compare? We explore the key differences in our Adobe Lightroom CC vs Lightroom Classic comparison?
The key difference between Lightroom Classic and Lightroom CC is where you want to store your high-resolution images. Lightroom Classic has what Adobe calls the traditional ‘desktop first’ approach. You store your files locally on a hard disk.
By contrast, Lightroom CC uses a ‘cloud-first’ approach where your full-resolution images are stored in the cloud on Adobe’s own servers. You can store them locally on your own computer too, if you want, but Lightroom CC is essentially a cloud based system.
Lightroom CC stores your files in the cloud. You can store them on your local computer too, but that’s just an option.
02 Synchronising and editing
Lightroom Classic can synchronise images with Lightroom mobile and Lightroom web, but there are restrictions. First, it shares a lower-resolution DNG file rather than the full resolution image.
It’s perfectly adequate for on-screen viewing and for editing – your adjustments are synchronised back to the desktop version – but if you’re working on a different computer or device, you can only download or save out the lower-resolution DNG.
Lightroom Classic (and older versions) shares Smart Previews, which are editable but lower resolution. Lightroom CC can view these (02a) but uploads any new images you add as full-resolution originals (02b).
Second, you can only share Collections – not Smart Collections or Folders – so you’re synchronising a manually selected subset of your images, not your whole catalog.
Lightroom CC, however, is entirely cloud-based. All your full-res images are stored online and are available to all your devices, and your organisation system appears the same on all your devices too.
The new Lightroom CC interface is a simplified and stripped-down version of the Classic version. Some tools are missing, including Tone Curve.
Lightroom Classic has the Lightroom interface we’re all used to, consisting of a series of workflow ‘modules’ with organisational panels on the left of the screen and collapsible tools panels on the right.
Lightroom CC looks very different. Structurally, it’s similar, with organising tools on the left and editing tools on the right, but these panels have been streamlined, stripped down and simplified to produce a much more spartan look – but one that works more effectively in a web browser or on a mobile device.
Lightroom Classic offers the familiar Lightroom workflow module sequence, with a Library Module for organising, a Develop module for editing, and Map, Book, Slideshow, Print and Web modules.
Lightroom CC, at least in its current form, has none of these, suggesting that for photographers who need this organising/editing/publishing and sharing workflow, the Classic version is still the best.
Lightroom CC offers a much simpler editing experience, with a single window where both organising and editing take place. It’s certainly slimmed down and simplified, but for many photographers it may concentrate too much on organising and editing and not enough on output.
You might expect that the new version of Lightroom would have all the tools of the old one and then some more besides.
In fact, Lightroom Classic has a much wider range of tools than Lightroom CC, and in this version it adds performance improvements (the single biggest request from users), the ability to use embedded previews for faster image browsing and selection and new Luminance Mask and Color Range Selection tools.
The list of tools NOT in Lightroom CC is quite surprising. Top of the list is the omission of the Tone Curve panel, but there’s also no Camera Calibration panel, no Split Toning panel (though some presets do have a toning effect, interestingly), no Compare, Survey and Reference views and no Soft Proofing that we could see.
The new Lightroom CC has a much simpler image organisation system based entirely around Collections – there’s no Folders panel for the cloud storage.
06 Folders, Collections and Albums
The way these two programs organise images is also very different. Lightroom Classic offers a familiar Folders panel for direct access to images in folders on your hard disk, and a Collections panel for regular manual Collections and automatic Smart Collections based on search criteria.
Lightroom CC does not offer any equivalent to Folders. Instead, images are stored in Albums (Collections, effectively) which can be stored in a nested folder structure – these are just virtual containers for albums, not folders in the normal storage sense. Currently, Lightroom CC does not have smart albums.
So which are JPEGs, which are TIFFs and which are Raw files? Lightroom CC’s Info panel has the answer, but the desktop version doesn’t currently display badges or filenames alongside images.
07 Metadata display
In Lightroom Classic, as in previous versions of Lightroom, you can display all kinds of image information alongside the image thumbnails and overlaying the image in Loupe view. This is useful for distinguishing between JPEG and raw files, for example, and between master images and virtual copies.
Lightroom CC does offer this information, but only in a pop-up ‘info’ panel and not alongside or overlaying the images themselves. So if you import raw+JPEG image pairs or create virtual copies alongside your master images, it’s not so easy to work out which is which.
Lightroom CC does have a filter bar, but the range of options – particularly for camera EXIF data – is much reduced compared to Lightroom Classic.
08 Filter bar
Long-time Lightroom users will be familiar with the filter bar in Lightroom Classic. It’s a quick way to filter images based on file type, the camera used, keywords, ISO setting, flag, color label, rating and much, much more.
This is still present in Lightroom CC but in a simplified form. You can still filter by rating, flag and master vs virtual copy, and there are drop-down menus for keywords, cameras and locations, but it lacks the full and sophisticated metadata search options found in Lightroom Classic.
Adobe’s web-based Sensei machine-tagging appears to work very well in Lightroom CC – it quickly found a wide variety of results for a search for ‘tree’. Lightroom Classic sticks to manual keywording.
09 Keywords and search
In Lightroom Classic you apply keywords to your images in the traditional way by entering them manually. This is a bit of a bore and Adobe quite rightly points out that many people find this too time consuming and just don’t bother.
Adobe’s answer is Sensei, it’s intelligent machine-based learning system which can automatically tag images based on objects within them. This looks like it could be a real time-saver in Lightroom CC and our early tests suggest it works pretty well.
There is, however, a drawback. The technology acts in the cloud, not on your desktop computer so (a) the images you’re searching have to be online and (b) you need to have an Internet connection to use the search tools.
10 Batch renaming
The filenames created by cameras aren’t always very helpful, and if your camera resets the number to zero each time you format the memory card, it’s easy to end up with duplicate filenames.
In any event, the ability to batch-rename photos in Lightroom Classic can be extremely useful because you can give your images names based on the date they were taken, the subject or choose some meaningful file naming system of your own.
This does not appear to be possible in Lightroom CC. There is no batch rename command on the menus and while it is possible to inspect the filename of individual images in the ‘info’ panel, it’s not possible to edit it.
Currently Lightroom CC offers the option to edit images in Photoshop but we will have to see if support for plug-ins or other external editors is coming. Photoshop is not included in the basic Lightroom CC Photography Plan.
11 Plug-in support
Lightroom Classic supports both external editors and plug-ins – most plug in software publishers now include Lightroom plug-ins alongside Photoshop versions as a matter of course.
When Lightroom doesn’t offer the editing tools you need, it’s a simple matter to send them to a plug-in for editing and have them ’round-tripped’ back to your Lightroom catalog.
That feature is not currently available in Lightroom CC. There is an ‘Edit in Photoshop’ option, but that’s it for now. Hopefully plug-in support will become available in due course – if not, that’s a black mark for Lightroom CC.
12 HDR Merge and Panorama Merge
Adobe has added some powerful and useful tools to Lightroom in recent versions, including HDR Merge for merging separate exposures into a single HDR image, and Panorama Merge for automatically stitching overlapping frames into continuous panoramic images.
Both of these are absent from the current version of Lightroom CC and seem to indicate yet another instance where Adobe’s slimmed-down and simplified approach has brought some serious drawbacks.
There’s one more big difference between Lightroom Classic and Lightroom CC, but it involves a third program – Photoshop – and here Adobe presents its users with a stark choice.
For $9.99 per month, the price of the current Photography Plan, you can either have Lightroom Classic and Photoshop, or Lightroom CC and 1TB icloud storage but no Photoshop. Ouch!
There is a third option where you can have both, but that means spending more money – see the Photography Plans and pricing options below.
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